1 Execution site(s)
Nina D. remembers: "I saw the Koldychevo concentration camp from the outside when I went to visit a member of my family. It was well guarded. I saw a mass shooting from outside, next to it. A pit was dug and the Jews were shot down at the edge of the pit, the men as well as women." (Witness N° 251, interviewed in March 2010)
"In 1942, 18km from Baranovichi, on the road from Baranovichi to Novogrudok, on the Koldychevo property, a concentration camp for Soviet Slavic civilians was created. 10,000 people (men, women and children) were confined there.The newly created camp didn’t have enough premises. Those were summer premises which had neither stoves nor cement boards to sleep. They couldn’t fit more than 30-40% of the detainees which were there. The camp was fenced in with several ranges of the barbed wire. The territory was highly surveyed with the help of watchtowers, blockhouses, projectors, specially trained dogs and even tanks dig inside the ground. It was forbidden for the detainees to have any contact with outside word. It was as well forbidden to receive any food. Those who try to get some food or clothing were shot dead." [Act drawn up on January 1st,1945, by the Soviet Regional Commission; RG 53.002M : Fond 845, opis1, delo 6]
Koldychevo is a small village north of the city of Baranovichi. The village was under German occupation from 1941 to 1944.
Koldychevo was the site of a Nazi concentration camp. 22,000 people, mostly Jews, might have been killed in the camp between 1942 and 1944. The camp was also used to imprison Soviet prisoners of war, Polish and Belarusian partisans. In March 1944, the surviving population of about 100 Jews, led by Shlomo Kushnir, drilled a hole in the wall of their barracks, cut through the electrical fence surrounding the camp, and escaped into the moonless night. Twenty-four prisoners were recaptured, including Kushnir, who committed suicide. Many of the rest joined up with the Bielsky partisans in the Naliboki forest. On June 29, 1944, with Soviet troops approaching as part of Operation Bagration, the Koldychevo camp was liquidated. 2,000 of the remaining prisoners were shot in a pit beneath a mound. Another 300 were evacuated to Germany.
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