Nesvizh | Minsk

Execution of Jews in Nesvizh

3 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Memorials :
Period of occupation:
Witnesses interviewed :

Witness interview

Stanislav V. evokes: "There were a lot of men, women and children. I saw the scene with my friends from my garden. The Jews had to get undressed. They went to the grave in groups. The grave wasn’t dug, it was a natural stone-pit.”(Witness N°466, interviewed in May 2011)

Soviet archives

"On July 27, 1941, the police and the gendarmerie burned the houses of the ghetto. During the blaze, the civilians were shot. 700 people including several doctors, engineers, etc. A part of the bodies were buried on the site and the rest were taken to the village of Alba and were dug in a forest." [Act of the Soviet Extraordinary State Commission, RG-22.002M/7021-81/102]

Historical note

Nesvizh, a city famous for its Polish Radzivil castle of the 18th century is located 94 kilometers south west of Minsk. In 1939, there were about 7,000 inhabitants, of which some 4,000 were Jews. In September 1939, when Poland was attacked, the Jewish population increased as many Jewish refugees arrived in Nesvizh from western and central Poland. The city was under German occupation from 1941 to 1945.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

On October 30, 1941, the Jewish population was ordered to gather in the marketplace. After a selection process, 585 skilled workers and family members were separated. The others Jews, around 4,000, were shot in pits dug at two separate sites. One large group was escorted on foot to the park surrounding the Radzivil palace. A second group of about 2,000 Jews were taken to another site, 2 kilometers away, next to the road to Snov. The surviving Jews were taken to the ghetto, an area of 3 streets fenced in with barbed wire, in the centre of Nesvizh, according to Bronislava Z. interviewed by Yahad-In Unum. After the establishment of the ghetto, many Jews began to arm themselves. On July 20th, 1942, when the liquidation of the ghetto was ordered, a violent revolt exploded. Many Jews were killed in the ghetto, and the others managed to join the partisans.

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