Shamovo | Mogilev

Execution of Jews in Shamovo

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Jewish cemetery
Memorials :
Period of occupation:
Number of victims :

Witness interview

Vera O. recalls: “Residents took the valuables from the Jews in the cemetery after the shooting. They needed these things. They went to the site after the departure of the perpetrators. I heard bursts of gunfire. The shootings lasted one hour. After the shootings, the policemen and the Germans went back to the selsoviet because they had some things to do.” (Witness N°644, interviewed in Shamovo, on June 19, 2013).

Historical note

Shamovo is located 93 kilometers from Mogilev. Before the war, Shamovo was a Jewish village. There was a Jewish kolkhoz and a Yiddish school which closed in 1938. Most of the Jews were craftsmen or merchants. The German occupation began in July 1941.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

On February 2, 1942, a German unit arrived in the village in order to gather 400 Jews with the assistance of local policemen in the village’s square. The Jews who refused to leave their homes were shot on the ground. According to Vera O. (Witness N°644), the Jews were shot in the Jewish cemetery in a deep ditch. There were a lot of perpetrators this day because there were several Jews. When the Jews understood they would be killed, they began to scream. The witness remembered hearing loud bursts. After the shooting, some inhabitants took the Jewish valuables from the cemetery. 

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