1 Execution site(s)
Witnesses interviewed: 3. (N°1790, 1791, 1792).Vassl I (N°1791): “ One time, I saw Jews being taken to the shooting. I saw how a young Jew tried to escape, he jumped through the fence, the Germans began to shoot but he managed to escape. A young girl of 10 years old began to run in the street but a German shouted after her to stop her, and he killed her.”
Shumsk is located 56 kilometers from Rowne. According to the 1921 census, there were 1,717 Jews in the town. After the arrival of Polish refugees, there were 2,000 Jews in the town at the beginning of the German occupation.
After establishing a ghetto in early March 1942, the Germans decided five months later to liquidate the Jews. During the night of August 8, 1942, Ukrainian police surrounded the ghetto and shot 11 Jews who tried to escape. Five days later, the Security Police and the SD from Rowne with the assistance of the German Gendarmerie and the Ukrainian police, gathered the Jews near the synagogue. The Jews were taken in columns to the Christian Cemetery where they were shot. Altogether, 1,792 Jews were killed.
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