Sukhinichi | Kaluga

/ Liudmila T., born in 1936: “The Rosins lived in a shared house. They rented a part of the house. The landlord lived in another part. Rosin was a jeweller and a watchmaker. © Thomas Cecchelani  /Yahad - In Unum Liudmila T., born in 1936, the only witness Yahad interviewed in Sukhinichi. Her family is from Old Believers. . © Thomas Cecchelani  /Yahad - In Unum The building where, according to the witness, the military Kommandantur was installed. © Thomas Cecchelani  /Yahad - In Unum The Rosin family used to live here. The building has been modified but the basement remains the same.  © Thomas Cecchelani  /Yahad - In Unum The Yahad – In Unum team with the witness after the interview. © Thomas Cecchelani  /Yahad - In Unum Execution site of Jews. At this site, the Rosins, the Rosenbergs and the Bermans were shot and buried over the course of November-December 1941. © Thomas Cecchelani  /Yahad - In Unum

Execution of Jews in Sukhinichi

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Ravine
Memorials :
Yes
Period of occupation:
1941-1942
Number of victims :
At least 11

Witness interview

Liudmila T., born in 1936: “The Rosins lived in a shared house. They rented a part of the house. The landlord lived in another part. Rosin was a jeweller and a watchmaker. The Rosins had a daughter and a son. Our grandmother was a good friend of Rosin’s wife. Rosin’s son even worked for the Germans once they arrived. He had a brilliant mind and made posters for them. Despite that, he was shot. Their daughter was very beautiful. She had black hair. When they were taken to be shot, the people who lived next to them were also taken, having been mistaken for Jews because of their black hair. Someone told them to show their passports as proof [of not being Jew].” (Witness n°883, interviewed in Sukhinichi, on August 10th, 2019)

Soviet archives

“During the period of the temporary occupation of the town of Sukhinichi by the German Fascist occupiers, on November 21st 1941, David Rozenberg, 60 years old, and, Anna Rozenberg, 55 years old, members of a Jewish family, were brutally murdered in the forest, where they were taken under the pretext of cutting wood. […]
During the period of the temporary occupation of Sukhinichi town by the German Fascist occupiers, on November 25th 1941, [the following members of] the Rosin family were brutally murdered:
the husband, Pavel Rosin, born in 1890,
the wife, Sarah Rosina, born in 1897,
the daughter, Lyubov Rosina, born in 1925,
the son, Yury Rosin, born in 1924.
This Jewish family was brutally murdered by the German occupiers.” [From the acts drawn up by Soviet State Extraordinary Commission (ChGK) on April 7th, 1942; GARF 7021- 44-1123]

Historical note

Sukhinichi is a town located 90km (56miles) southwest of Kaluga.  The first records of the Jewish community go back to the end of the 19th century. The town was known as a trade center for hemp. At that time many Jewish traders were settled there. During the 1930s, after four villages located nearby were burned down, the remaining houses were merged into the town of Sukhinichi. The majority of Jews who lived here were merchants or artisans; the head of the Rosin family was a jeweler, for example, and Rosenberg was a watchmaker. On the eve of the war, 98 Jews, constituting only 1% of the total population, lived in the town. 

Holocaust by bullets in figures

Sukhinichi was occupied by the Germans on October 7th 1941, but the occupation only lasted until January 29th 1942. By that time the majority of Jewish population had fled to the East. The remaining families, in all three families, were murdered during November and December 1941.  According to the Soviet archives, the Rozenberg family was murdered on November 21st 1941. The Rosin family was killed on November 25th 1941. And the last family, the Bermans, was murdered on December 15th 1941. According to the local witness (YIU/883R) all three families were taken to the ravine, located not far away from the today’s cemetery and local park. 

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