Novorogovskaya | Rostov

Irina C., born in 1931 saw the truck taking Jews to their death in Novorogovskaya. ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad – In Unum Ivan K., born in 1926, showed the Yahad team where the execution took place. ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad – In Unum Ivan K. and the Yahad team near the execution site. ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad – In Unum The field where the Jewish refugees of Novorogovskaya were shot and buried in a mass grave by the Germans. ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad – In Unum

Execution of Jews in Novorogovskaya

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before:
Field
Memorials:
No
Period of occupation:
1942-1943
Number of victims:
22

Witness interview

Irina C., born in 1931: “I saw a big SS metal truck drive through the village. Behind the truck there was a cart with this man collaborating with the Germans who went from house to house to requisition villagers with shovels. There were Jews inside the truck, but I couldn’t see them.” (Witness YIU/213R, interviewed on 03/10/2011 in Novogorvoskaya)

Soviet archives

“The village of Novo-Rogovskaya was occupied by the German invaders between August 1, 1942, and January 25, 1943.
In that period, the Germans committed the following crimes. They shot the following people in the village[…]. They led the following people outside the village and shot them[…]. In total, 22 people were shot. […] The circumstances of the crime were confirmed by witnesses.” (Act n°679 drawn up by Soviet State Extraordinary Commission, on March 28, 1943 – GARF 7021-40-774]

Historical note

Novorogovskaya is a village in Yegorliskii district, Rostov region, southwest Russia. It is located about 140 km (87mi) south of Rostov-on-Don. Novorogovskaya was founded in 1884 by Cossacks from the village of Rogovskaya. Because it was outside the Pale of Settlement at the time of the Russian Empire, there was no Jewish community in Novorogovskaya, even after the Bolshevik revolution. As the war started between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union in 1941, however, many Jews fled eastwards and sought refuge in the Rostov region, including some, a couple of families, in Novorogovskaya. The Jewish refugees lived with the locals in their houses. The selsoviet organized how and where the refugees were welcomed. One of the Jewish families taught German at the school in exchange for shelter.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

German forces occupied Novorogovskaya at the beginning of August 1942. The Germans stayed with the inhabitants, requisitioning their houses and food. They set up a Kommandantur, named a starost and approximately 30 policemen to aid them. The policemen were Cossacks who had deserted the Red Army. A collaborator in the village prepared a blacklist of communists and partisans for the Germans so they would know who to execute. Soon enough, the Jews living in Novorogovskaya were arrested by the Germans and taken by truck to a nearby field on a farm. Locals were drafted to dig up and/or close the grave. The Jews were all shot, men, women, and children. At the end of January 1943, the Red Army liberated Novorogovskaya. The Soviet Extraordinary Commission, which investigated soon after, counted that 22 Jews were killed in total by the Germans in Novorogovskaya.

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