1 Execution site(s)
Maria Kh., born in 1933, remembered: “I saw the column through the window of my house. I recognized my friends and I whispered “Goodbye”. The column was escorted by Germans and policemen toward the fields.” (Testimony n°651, interviewed in Luhiny on June 20, 2013)
Vereshchaki was located about 40 km of Gorki and 85km north-east of Mogilev. The village doesn’t exist today. In 19th century it was founded as Jewish agricultural colony. In 1898, 168 Jews lived in Vereshchaki. The majority of Jews lived off agriculture. Some of them were artisans, for instance blacksmiths or tailors. In 1933 a kolkhoz was established and all the Jews from Vereshchaki and nearby villages had to work there. According to the witness, there were no synagogue in Vereshchaki and the Jews went to pray to Gorki. 60 Jews lived in the village on the eve of the war. The Germans units arrived to the village in September 1941.
According to the witness interview by Yahad, shortly after the Germans’ arrival, all the Jews were gathered in a barn under the pretext of a meeting with Germans. As a result of the meeting all the Jews were forced to wear yellow armbands and it was forbidden for them to leave the village. On October 10, 1941 the Jews were gathered the second time in the barn under the order of policemen. They were escorted by Germans and policemen in a column to the place of shooting. The Jews were shot on a hill near the village in a big pit which was dug by requisitioned locals. The Jews had to lie down into the pit facing the ground and they were shot with the revolver.
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