Udarne (Udarnoye, near former Jewish colony Yeni-Krymchak) | Crimea

/ Piotr P., born in 1928: “They rounded-up all the Krymchak Jews, loaded them onto carts, and  took them to a clay pit where they were shot with submachine guns.”    © Guillaume Ribot  /Yahad-In Unum Yahad-In Unum team with a witness near the execution site in Udarne/Yeni-Krymchak.  © Guillaume Ribot  /Yahad-In Unum Execution site in Udarne near a former sand quarry where from 16 to 468  Krymchak Jews (according to different sources) were shot to death.     © Guillaume Ribot  /Yahad-In Unum

Execution of the Yeni-Krymchak Jews

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Clay pit (1); Well (2)
Memorials :
Yes
Period of occupation:
1941-1944
Number of victims :
Between 16 to 468

Witness interview

Piotr P., born in 1928, recalls: “The village had been already occupied when the Germans came here in 1942. They rounded-up all the Krymchak Jews, loaded them onto the carts and took them to a clay pit where they were shot with submachine guns.” (Witness N°267, interviewed in Udarne, on January 6, 2006)

Soviet archives

“[…] On February 5, 1942, about 10 o’clock a.m., three armed German soldiers from the SS unit arrived in a private car in the Yeni-Krymchak village, accompanied by a Tatar translator. At 11 a.m., about 300 meters from Yeni-Krymchak village, those soldiers, who had received orders from von B., the head of the Zuya local commandant’s office and from first-Lieutenant S., with active assistance of the Tatar S. and Grigoriy G., members of the auxiliary police, shot to death the following unarmed elderly people, women, and children of Krymchak nationality:
1). Riva Manto, born in 1898; 2) Isaak Manto, born in 1924; 3) Dotik Manto, born in 1926; 4) Martit Peisakh, 56 years old 5). Raya Peisakh, 55 years old; 6) Aaron Peisakh, 15 years old 7). Sarah Peisakh 18 years old; 8) Sofia Peisakh, 10 years old 9) Chasya Peisakh, 12 years old. […] the Valit family was shot to death not on February 5th but in April 1942, during the daytime, at about 12 noon, 1 kilometer from the village, their bodies were thrown into a well.” [Deposition of a local resident, given to the Soviet Extraordinary Commission, on October 8, 1944; RG.22-002M : Fond 7021, Opis 9, Delo 36]

Historical note

Yeni-Krymchak was founded in 1930s as Jewish agricultural colony. Today the village doesn’t exist anymore. It was located between Simferopol and Bilohirsk, 2 km south of Udarne that is located 58 north-east of Simferopol. The colony numbered only Krymchak Jews, the community derived from Turkish speaking adherents of Orthodox Judaism. The Krymchaks speak a modified form of the Crimean Tatar language, called the Krymchak language. Besides the Krymchaks a couple of Russian families lived in the colony. The established kolkhoz was named after Frunze. According to Yahad’s witness, all the children went to the same Russian school in Udarne. Before the German occupation some Krymchaks managed to escape from the village.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

The area was occupied by Germans in November 1941. Straight after the occupation those Jews who didn’t escape continued to live in their houses. Only on February 5, 1942, according to the Soviet archives, about 15 Krymchak Jews, mostly women and children, were taken by cart to a clay pit outside Yeni-Krymchak where they were shot by the Germans. According to other historical sources and Yahad’s witness, in January 1942, up to 468 Krymchak Jews were executed in Yeni-Krymchak. The victims were shot with submachine guns without being undressed. The witness reports that the bodies were covered only the following day. The local residents of Udarne, former Bachala, were forced to bury the victims’ bodies. Another execution took place in April of the same year when one Krymchak family, the Valit family, was shot and their bodies were thrown in a well approximately 1 km away from Yeni-Krymchak.

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