Volpa | Grodno

/ Alina B. remembered the column of Jews being led to the cemetery. ©Rousslan Dion/Yahad - In Unum Olga J. remembered the Jewish survivor, Itzko, who joined the partisans. ©Rousslan Dion/Yahad - In Unum Alina B. pointed out the location of the Jewish cemetery. ©Rousslan Dion/Yahad - In Unum Sabina I. explained that the Jews were very religious. ©Rousslan Dion/Yahad - In Unum Kamilia S. described the beauty of the old synagogue. ©Rousslan Dion/Yahad - In Unum The former Jewish cemetery in Volpa. ©Rousslan Dion/Yahad - In Unum

Execution of Jews in Volpa

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before:
Jewish cemetery
Memorials:
Yes
Period of occupation:
1941-1944
Number of victims:
30

Witness interview

Olga Z.: "The Jews were told they were going to be sent to Germany to work. The elderly were taken to the cemetery and shot on-site, while the Germans and the police watched on. They used machine guns." (Witness N°379 interviewed in November, 2010)

Historical note

Volpa is a town located 28 km north of Vawkavysk. It is estimated that the Jewish population numbered circa. 1000-1500 before the war. In the 17th century, the community built a wooden synagogue that became famous for its original beauty. According to witnesses interviewed by Yahad, films were sometimes organized and projected inside the synagogue. There was also a Jewish school. The town was under German occupation from 1941 to 1944.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

An open ghetto was established in an area of the town soon after the Germans’ arrival. On November 1, 1942, all of the Jews had to gather at the market square for resettlement to a labor camp. According to Alina B., the local priest attended the scene. The Germans selected 34 to 60 very elderly and infirm individuals, supposedly because an old-age home was to be established for them in Volpa. The remaining Jews had to march to Vawkavysk on foot. After these Jews had departed, the Germans executed the Jews in a pit dug in advance close to the Jewish cemetery. According to witnesses interviewed by Yahad - In Unum, these Jews were transported by local inhabitants, who were requisitioned with their carts. It appears that these Jews were killed by local policemen. On December 2, 1942, the remaining Jews were sent to the Treblinka extermination camp, where they were all gassed on arrival.

Nearby villages

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