Drachyntsi (Drăcineț, Draczynetz, Drachintsi, Draczyńce) | Chernivtsi

Execution of Jews in Drachyntsi

1 Sitio(s) de ejecución

Tipo de lugar antes:
Ravine close to the river Hlynytsya
Memoriales:
Yes
Período de ocupación:
1941-1944
Número de víctimas:
46

Entrevista del testigo

Mykola L., born in 1931, says: “The Jews were killed everywhere throughout the village, but most of them were shot near the mill next to the Hlynytsya river. I wasn’t there, but people said that the Jews were put in a line and shot one by one by the Romanians.
I arrived on the spot the next day, and there were still corpses there. I saw 5 or 6 bodies. There was blood everywhere: on the earth, on the clothes. There were no children, just adults among the victims. The locals took four or five carts and transported the corpses to the landfill site. I did not see the burial. Today there is a concrete monument with a Star of David in memory of the Jewish victims.” (Testimony n°1907, interviewed in Drachyntsi on July 1st, 2015)

Archivos soviéticos

“In the beginning of August 1941, Romanian units shot 46 Jews including 10 children in a gutter between Drachyntsi and Hlynytsia. Then, the bodies were transported by local residents to the anti-tank trenches and buried there in two pits 500m from the village”. [Act of the State extraordinary commission (ChGK) drawn up in July 1945; RG22.002M; 7021-79-76]

Nota histórica

Drachyntsi is a village, located 25 km west of Chernivtsi. It was founded in 1459. The earliest known Jewish community dates back to the 16th century. In the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century the village was under the control of the Austro-Hungarian Empire as a part of Bukovyna. Then, in 1918 it was taken over by Romania.   In 1930, 232 Jews comprising 6% of the total population lived in Drachyntsi. The majority of them lived off small scale trade and handcraft. At that period there were 3 synagogues, 2 сheders and a mikvah in Drachyntsi. In 1940 Romania ceded the northern part of Bukovyna to the USSR but in July 1941 Romania troops occupied the village back.

Holocausto por balas en cifras

The testimonies recorded by Yahad confirm the execution of local Jews carried out by Romanian soldiers. According to the witnesses there were several shootings of Jews in the village but the main execution of about 50 people was conducted in the ravine close to the river Hlynytsya in the direction of Novi Drachyntsi where they were shot one by one. Before the execution the victims were gathered in a barn where they were detained for several days. Among the victims there were men, women and children, their corpses were buried the same day by the villagers in another place. There were several people who managed to escape; among them was the family of Mendel and a woman called Barka. Those who were not shot in Drachyntsi were deported to Transnistria.

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