Ivan | Minsk

Execution of the Slutsk Jews in Ivan

1 Sitio(s) de ejecución

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Entrevista del testigo

Vyacheslav K. evokes: “The Jews of Slutsk were killed near the woods next to my home. Two pits had been dug in the wood, and two pits had been dug in a nearby field by war prisoners. Over the course of several days, I saw the Jews being brought to the shooting site by foot or on trucks.” (Witness N°767, interviewed in Ivan, on May 22, 2014)

Nota histórica

Ivan is a very small village close to the city of Slutsk, a city located 105 km south of Minsk. The place was under German occupation from 1941 to 1944.

Holocausto por balas en cifras

Before the Germans’ arrival in Slutsk, only a few Jews managed to escape; there was no mass evacuation. In July 1941, the first ghetto was created in former military barracks. According to a Jewish survivor interviewed by Yahad, the inmates only received 250 gram of bread per person per day. Many Jews had to work in the different factories of the city. On October 27, 1941, this ghetto was liquidated by units of German Reserve Police Battalion 11, helped by Lithuanian auxiliaries. The Jews were killed in pits dug by the Jews themselves near the village of Ivan, west of Slutsk. Is seems that between 3000 and 4000 Jews were killed that day. Among them, many were skilled specialists. Thanks to local investigations and testimonies of locals collected by Yahad, it is evident that the monument is not situated on the exact location of the graves.

After this aktion, a second ghetto fenced with barbed wire was opened in a quarter of the city center. It was a large ghetto where there were approximately 500 houses. It was liquidated gradually. The last main aktion took place in February 1943, organized by units of the Sipo-SD who were helped by Latvian volunteers. The Jews were killed in silo-pits near the small village of Sloboda, east of Slutsk.  During the liquidation, many Jews tried to escape or hide, which preempted the Germans setting the ghetto on fire. The bodies of the Jews killed within the ghetto were buried in a mass grave situated at the edge of the city.

In total, approximately 10,000 Jews from Slutsk were killed. For more information about the execution in Slutsk please check the corresponding profile.

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