Krichev (Krychaw) | Mogilev

Execution of Jews in Krichev

3 Sitio(s) de ejecución

Tipo de lugar antes:
Sand quarry/ near the river/street
Memoriales:
Yes
Período de ocupación:
1941-1944

Entrevista del testigo

Ivan C. recalls: “The victims were brought along the ditch and were killed. I saw all of this from behind the policemen. At the site, shovels were distributed to people who filled the grave. The Germans wore green uniforms. There were more policemen than Germans. No one undressed before the shooting. The shooting lasted a few minutes. Then the people who had to cover the grave threw soil into it. The corpses were not arranged in the grave. Some people with shovels were trembling, they had difficulties enduring the scene. I had to fill the grave too.” (Witness N°640, interviewed in Krichev, on June 16, 2013).

Archivos soviéticos

“After the inspection of the site, the commission discovered almost 50 graves, 3x2-meters, in the forest. After uncovering them, it was found that the graves were full of shot corpses, 5 to 25 people in each grave, in total around 1000 people, among them around 30 women and 15 children. The people were brought to be killed in covered trucks under the supervision of German gendarmes. They had to get undressed, were put in front of the grave and were killed by a bullet to the neck.” [RG22.022M/7021-88/41].

Nota histórica

Krichev is situated about 95 kilometers East- Southeast of Mogilev. According to the 1939 census, there were 1,362 Jews living in Kritchev. There was also a synagogue and a Jewish kolkhoze

Holocausto por balas en cifras

German forces occupied the town on July 17, 1941. During the occupation, which lasted until September 30, 1943, a German commandant’s office controlled the town. In August or September 1941, the Germans established an open ghetto in Krichev, moving all the Jews (about 80 families in total) into several houses next to the church. German security forces liquidated the Krichev ghetto in November 1941. According to the records of the Soviet Extraordinary State Commission, 130 Jews were shot near a flax-processing mill, and 60 to 80 Jews were killed on the grounds of a cement factory on a chalk quarry. According to some sources, more than 300 Jews were murdered in Krichev. 

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