Ostrino (Astryna) | Grodno

/ A Witness’ house in Ostrino. ©Rousslan Dion/Yahad - In Unum The Yahad team conducting a witness interview. ©Rousslan Dion/Yahad - In Unum Anatoli M. remembers his father was requisitioned to transport the Jews. ©Rousslan Dion/Yahad - In Unum Maria K. remembers the Jewish religious celebrations before the war. ©Rousslan Dion/Yahad - In Unum The former Jewish school in Ostrino. ©Rousslan Dion/Yahad - In Unum Anatoli M. explained that it was possible to visit Jewish skilled workers inside the ghetto. ©Rousslan Dion/Yahad - In Unum The former synagogue in Ostrino. ©Rousslan Dion/Yahad - In Unum

Execution of Jews in Ostrino

1 Sitio(s) de ejecución

Investigated by Yahad:
2010
Tipo de lugar antes:
Jewish cemetery
Memoriales:
No
Período de ocupación:
1941-1944

Entrevista del testigo

Yelena S.: "The Jews were taken from Ostrino to the river in wagons. The Germans assembled Jews from several different villages in the central square. There were men, women and children." (Witness N°341 interviewed in November 2010)

Nota histórica

Ostrino is a small town located 50 km east of Grodno. In 1921, its population of 1572 included 1067 Jews. The city was under German occupation from 1941 to 1944. According to witnesses interviewed by Yahad In - Unum, the majority of Jews lived in the town center. There was a synagogue for men and one for women, a Jewish cemetery, and a Jewish school.

Holocausto por balas en cifras

An open ghetto was established in October 1941. It was located near the market square between Grodno, Novy Dvor, Vilnius, and Cerkiew Streets. Jews from other villages, including Vassilichki or Dembrovo, were also interned in the ghetto. According to witnesses interviewed by Yahad In - Unum, it was possible to acquire the labor of a skilled worker within the ghetto, including seamstresses. The locals had to make an official request if they were in need of that type of work. Shortly after October 12, 1941, about 80 Jews from the ghetto were executed at the Jewish cemetery. In Ostrino, there were frequent, isolated shootings of Jews. Some took place in the Jewish cemetery, as mentioned by Ievdokim B., interviewed by Yahad - In Unum. At the end of October 1942, the ghetto was liquidated and the Jews transported to a transit camp in Kolbassino, south of Grodno. Before leaving, they were assembled in the central square. According to eyewitnesses, some of them brought gold. Initially jailed in the Kolbassino camp for about a month, alongside 22,000-28,000 Jews from nearby communities, the Ostrino Jews were sent to the Auschwitz extermination camp at the end of November 1942. Bodies at the Jewish cemetery were exhumed a few years ago during the construction of a gas pipe.

Jewishgen

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