1 Sitio(s) de ejecución
Fedir KH., born in 1927, was appointed to guard the site during the exhumation after the war: “After the war I was appointed to guard the site during the exhumation process. The bodies were exhumed from the former clay quarry and reburied several hundred meters away. In all there were 297 people, women, men and children. Actually, here there were two execution sites of Jews. One was located in the grove. There is a monument there, but it is abandoned. I don’t know how many Jews were shot there, because I wasn’t there. And here, there were 297, including some partisans and communists who were shot in 1943-1944 in the same clay quarry.” (Testimony n°2038, interviewed in Pidvysoke, on April 14, 2016)
Pidvysoke is a village located about 130km east from Kirovohrad, today’s Kropyvnytsky. Before 1939, it was a part of the Uman district, the region of Kyiv. The first records of Jewish community date back to the late 18th century. Due to the pogroms in 1919 and Jews relocating to bigger towns, the Jewish population dropped. Unfortunately, there is no information about the number of Jews living in the village before the war, but according to the local witnesses they were many. The majority of them worked in kolkhoz as artisans. Some held shops. There was no Jewish school; all children went to school together. There was no synagogue. The village was occupied by Germans in August 1941.
Little is know from the historical sources about the execution of Jews in Pidvysoke. According to the local witnesses, the Jews from Pidvysoke continued living in their houses without being marked until they were exterminated in December 1941. There were two major Aktions conducted by Germans with the help of local police. The first execution took place in a grove. The exact number of victims is unknown. The second execution took place in the clay quarry. The Jews were shot dressed. From the witness account, we understood that the pit had been dug 3-4 days in advance by the Jews themselves. Besides the two executions, there were isolated shootings of Jews, communists and partisans. All the pits were filled in properly only in the spring, when the snow melted.
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