Stanevichi | Grodno 

Execution of the Ivye Jews in Stanevichi

1 Sitio(s) de ejecución

Tipo de lugar antes:
Período de ocupación:
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Entrevista del testigo

Vyacheslav G., born in 1930, remembers: "The Jews of Ivye lived in perfect harmony with the local population, among which there were also many Tartars.” (Eyewitness N°727 interviewed, on April 24, 2014)

Archivos soviéticos

"Near the village of Stanevichi, on the border of the forest, 2 km of Ivye, 3 mass graves were discovered. The first pit contains 220 corpses, among which there are 219 men and a 20-year-old woman, whose surname is Lopata. Bodies were thrown confusedly in the pit, in disorder, the face turned to the ground, the legs at the top." [Act of the Soviet Extraordinary State Commission, RG-22.002M.7021-91-5 (Part1)]

Archivos alemanes

“On May 10, on a Sunday morning, the Jewish Quarter was encircled and everybody had to stay in their apartments. We had already heard at the time that mass shootings did happen, but we thought that only old and sick people were concerned.”[Testimony of Elimelech M., a Jewish survivor, Tel-Aviv, January 1962, Baranovichi KDS trial, BALAR-Z94/59Vol.III-B162-3420]

Nota histórica

Stanevichi is a small village, close to the city of Ivye, situated 110 km west of Minsk. Before WW2, there was around 3,000 Jews living in Ivye (known also as Ewie, Ivie, Iwie, Ive and Iwje), but there were no Jews in Stanevichi.  They lived off of trade and craftwork. The German forces occupied the town at the end of June 1941.

Holocausto por balas en cifras

As soon as they arrived in Ivye, the Germans selected and shot 200-220 (according to different sources and Yahad’s researches) Jewish specialists. Other Jews were registered and subjected to different kind of forced labor. In October 1941, the Jews were gathered in a special quarter of the town composed of houses in the beginning of Novogrudok street.

By April 1942, all the Jews from the smaller surrounding villages of Lipnishchki, Traby, Bakshchty, Subotniki, and other settlements were also gathered in the Ivye ghetto, making a total of 4,000 persons. The ghetto was fenced in with barbed wire.

On May 11, 1942, all the Jews were gathered on the market square. During that process, lots of them were shot on the spot. The Germans proceeded to a selection. 2 groups of 200 or 300 Jews were set apart and later sent to the Lida ghetto.

The rest were subject to another selection. About 2,500 people were escorted from the church to pits dug in advance in the Stanevichi Forest. The last Jews had to perform forced labor for the Todt Organizsation in different camps, and later they were transferred to other ghettos.

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