1 Execution site(s)
Ivan O., born in 1927, remembered: “When the Germans arrived in the village, being a son of a Soviet policeman, I was afraid of being arrested. So, I hid in the basement with about 12 Jewish refugees. Later, they were told by a neighbor to come out because the Germans promised not to touch anyone. But once they went out, the Jews were arrested and locked up in the firemen’s barracks. They remained there for some time till all the Jews were gathered. When they were brought into the barracks, they were authorized to take a bundle or some small belongings. The firemen’s barracks were guarded. Later, once all the Jews were gathered, they were taken and shot near the old brickyard.” (Witness n°531, interviewed in Levokumskoye, on August 17, 2015)
Levokumskoye is situated about 230km southeast of Stavropol. Historically home to Russians, there were no Jewish families living in the village before the war. Once the war broke out, many Jewish refugees passed through and some of them settled down in the village as refugees. They arrived by train in Budyonovskks and from there, were transported by cart to Levokumsk. According to Pyotr B. (Witness n° 530), the refugees were first placed in the school but afterwards, they moved in with the villagers. All refugees worked in the kolkhoz, which fed them and gave them food supplies. The Germans occupied the territory in the middle of August 1942
Through the testimonies, Yahad found that right after the Germans’ arrival, all the Jews were registered with the help of the local police. According to Pyotr B. (Witness n° 530), under the pretext of being transported, about 300 Jews were gathered at the Kommandantur, former firemen’s barracks, and were then taken to the killing site, located near the abandoned brickyard. The Aktion was conducted by Germans, helped by Romanians and local police. As was rather common in this region, the adults were shot while the children were poisoned.
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