Sadurki | Lublin Voivodeship

/ Zofia B., born in 1932: « Later, a labor camp was created in Sadurki for the Czechoslovaks Jews.  The camp was fenced in with barbed wire. All the detainees had to wear white distinctive marks on their arms.” © Christian Monterroso  /Yahad-In Unum Adela G., born in 1933:”All the Jews were taken to Belzyce, only several stayed. Then, Czechoslovak Jews were brought to the village. They were about a hundred. They were all shot.”  © Christian Monterroso  /Yahad-In Unum Place of a former labor camp in Sadurki established in 1942 and liquidated in November 1943.   © Christian Monterroso  /Yahad-In Unum Execution site near the Sadurki’s railway station where up to 100 Jews were murdered, according to Yahad’s witness and Polish archives.  © Christian Monterroso  /Yahad-In Unum

Execution of Jews in Sadurki

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Territory of the camp
Memorials :
No
Period of occupation:
1939-1944
Number of victims :
98

Witness interview

Zofia B., born in 1932, remembers: «At the beginning, the Jews could walk freely in the village. Bu then, one day, they all disappeared. I don’t know where they had gone. Later, the Czechoslovak Jews were brought here, in Sadurki. They were also placed in a camp fenced in with barbed wire. All the detainees were marked with white distinctive marks on their arms. They worked on a field extracting peat. They were guarded by the Germans in greyish- greenish uniform.” (Testimony n°771, interviewed in Sadurki, on October 16, 2017)

Polish Archives

1) Date and place of execution: November 1943

2) Type of execution (shooting, hanging or other): shooting.

3) Personal data on the executed victims (Polish, Jews, other nationalities): Jews.

Number of executed victims: 94 Czechoslovak Jews and 4 Poles.

Origin of the victims: Labor camp near the railway station in Sadurki.

Names, age, occupations and addresses: Unknown.

5) Who did lead the execution/ Gendarmes, Gestapo, SS, Wehrmacht? The Gendarmerie.

7) Were the bodies burned or destroyed in any way? They were buried after being undressed (groups of 6 people were brought and shot in the back of the head)

8) Where were exactly the bodies buried? In the south-eastern part of the Zygmunt Orlowski’s garden in Wymyslow.

9) Description of the pit/pits/dimensions, number of victims per pit: The pit was preserved in good condition, its size 18m x 1,7m, 98 victims. [IPN: GK 163/16]

Historical note

Sadurki is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Nałęczów, within Puławy County, Lublin Voivodeship, in eastern Poland, located about 28 km west of the regional capital Lublin. According to Yahad’s witnesses the number of Jews who lived in Sadurki was small compared to Poles. There were Jewish houses near the Sadurki’s railway station. They lived off trade and handcraft. They prayed in their houses. There was no synagogue. 

Holocaust by bullets in figures

Sadurki was bombed by the Germans in September 1939. When the Germans occupied the village, they established their administration in the railway station building. Very little is known about Jewish life in Sadurki under the German occupation until 1942, when a labor camp was established. When Czechoslovak Jews were brought to the camp, the number of prisoners reached 200. Some of the Jews confined in the camp were later sent to Belzyce. Locals were requisitioned by the Germans to transport the Jews by carts. In November 1943, during the liquidation of the labor camp in Sadurki, 98 Jews were taken to a villager Zygmont Orlowski’s garden and shot. According to the witnesses interviewed by Yahad, the pit was dug by the Jews themselves and was very long (18 m, as stated in the Polish archives). The archives report that the Orlowski’s property was in Wymyslow and that the corpses were buried there. However, accroding to the Yahad’s witness, several Jewish victims were buried near the railway station.

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