1 Execution site(s)
Evgeniy A., born in 1932, remembered: “Close to the barrack there was a kind of ravine, a clay quarry, were they shot the Jews. I saw the column being escorted to this place. Mothers held the hands of their children. My mother proposed to Jewish women that they leave their children but they answered: “No, they will die with us”. The column had guards armed with sub-machine guns. It took place by noon”. (Testimony n°695, interviewed on July 22, 2013 in Yelizovo)
Yelizovo is located about 150 km northwest of Mogilev. The first known records about the Jewish community go back to the end of 19the century. In 1926 90 Jews lived in the village. The majority of them was artisans or worked at the local glass factory. On the eve of the war there were 303 Jews in the village comprising only 6% of total population. The Germans occupied Yelizovo on June 30, 1941. About 5-10% of the prewar Jews managed to evacuate by that time.
The first Aktion was conducted against about a hundred local residents, Jews and non-Jews, on the first days of the occupation as a reprisal. One month after an open ghetto was created. All Jews were marked with yellow distinguishing badges and subjected to perform forced labor, like road construction. The second and the third Aktions were carried out in October and November 1941 respectively. During these aktions several dozen Jews were killed. On January 21, 1942, as a reprisal of the partisan attack, 28 men, the majority of whom were Jewish, were shot. They were forced to dig a pit and once they finished, they were forced to undress, line up on the edge of the pit and then they were shot. On April 5, 1942 the remaining Jews from the ghetto were exterminated. Before the shooting all Jews were gathered in the local Klub where all their belongings were confiscated. A small number of Jews managed to flee and joined the partisans.
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