Zaverezhye | Mogilev

Jewish cemetery in Zarevezhye. © Aleksey Kasyanov/Yahad - In Unum The place where the Jews of Zaverezhye were shot on September 12, 1941 © Aleksey Kasyanov - Yahad - In Unum

Executions of the Jews of Zaverezhye

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before :
Forest
Memorials :
Yes
Period of occupation:
1941-1944
Number of victims :
97

Soviet archives

“On September 12, 1941, a German mobile squad entered our village and rounded-up 97 local residents and escorted them to the forest of Karmchenka. Once in the forest, the German barbarians forced them to dig the pits, and then, they shot 97 people and buried them in these pits”. [Act n°82, drawn up on December 4, 1944 by the State Extraordinary Commission;RG.22.002
M. Fond 7021, Opis 88, Delo 44]

Historical note

Zaverezhye is located about 25km west of Mogilev. It was founded in 1835 as a Jewish agricultural colony. In 1898 there were 259 Jews in the village. The Jews lived on agriculture and handcraft.  In 1930s the Jews of Zaverezhye worked in kolkhoz “Komintern”. There was a Jewish cemetery, a synagogue, a post office and a shop. On the eve of the war, 130 Jews lived here. The Germans occupied the region in late June or early July, 1941.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

Unfortunately, during the research mission Yahad couldn’t find any local witness in the village that would complete the information from the archives.  Supposedly, the Jews weren’t registered and there was no ghetto. They could continue living in their homes until September 12, 1941 when they were killed in the Karmchenko forest by the German punitive detachment. 97 Jews were killed on this day.

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